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 When the Korean War began, the U.S. 2nd Infantry Division was stationed at Fort Lewis, Washington. Within days the division received orders to deploy and advance units arrived in Korea on 3 August 1950 but the entire division was not in Korea until late in August 1950. When the division became operational, it became part of the newly-arrived U.S. IX-Corps. During the next three years the division fought well but in late November 1950 it was so badly at Kuni-ri, North Korea where it was cut off by Chinese Communist Forces (CCF) and had to fight its way out of the trap down a single, narrow road that it became combat ineffective. Quickly rebuilt and reinforced with the newly arrived Netherlands Infantry, French Infantry and Belgian Infantry Battalions, it moved back into the Central Sector front lines 23 December 1950. Six weeks later in early February 1951, it blunted, then stopped, a major CCF attack at the town of Chipyong-ni, South Korea.

The 2nd Infantry Division consisted of:
Division Headquarters and Headquarters Company
9th Infantry Regiment
23rd Infantry Regiment
38th Infantry Regiment
Division Artillery
12th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm arrived Nov. 51)
15th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm)
37th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm)
38th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm)
503rd Field Artillery Battalion (155mm)
82nd Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion
Division Troops
72nd Tank Battalion (Medium)
2nd Engineer Battalion (Combat)
2nd Reconnaissance Company
Division Special Troops
2nd Medical Company
2nd Signal Company
702nd Ordnance Maintenance Battalion
2nd Quartermaster Company
2nd Military Police Company
2nd Replacement Company
Attached Units
1st Ranger Infantry Company (Airborne) (23 Oct 1950 1 Aug 1951)
Netherlands Infantry Battalion
French Infantry Battalion